EU Trade Hub

It is important for businesses to businesses looking to export to the EU to carefully consider each element of the process in moving goods to and from the European Union. To help you get ready, check the information below on employing staff, business travel, exporting, importing, international trade paperwork, costs, logistics, data protection and e-commerce

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Key Steps to Take

Key Steps to Take

Steps to take to prepare for EU trade

  1. Visit for a list of steps to get your business ready.
  2. Review your staff and hiring needs to ensure you’re ready for the UK’s new immigration system and new requirements for travelling to EEA countries.
  3. Review your supply chain. If you are a buyer or seller, it is important to understand how logistical and financial changes for businesses across your supply chain will affect you.
  4. Review your contracts to check for any terms that refer to the EU, rely on EU regulation or might need to be reviewed in light of the UK’s exit from the EU.
  5. Plan for Customs Declarations and ensure you obtain a Service Level Agreement as demand will be high.


GOV.UK has a country-by-country guide to find out how exporting goods and services to each EU and non-EU country has changed since 1 January 2021.

Certificates of origin may be required for exported goods on rare occasions. Suppliers should consider whether customers need proof of where content is sourced, and businesses buying from suppliers should also review where materials are sourced. For the most part, an invoice declaration on the invoice will suffice for export to the EU in order for your buyer to obtain preferential rates of duty.

Businesses should also check if permission is required to export intellectual property protected products from the UK to the EU.

ScotEnt: Exporting to EU

Customs Declarations

Since 1st January 2021, all UK businesses have been required to complete a Customs Declaration for all goods imported and exported from/to the UK.

From 1st January 2022

  1. All businesses are required to lodge a full declaration for imported goods
  2. An import declaration is required immediately upon entry into the UK. The six months postponement scheme will cease to exist.
  3. Customs checks will begin on imports into Great Britain (GB) from the European Union (EU).
  4. Pre-notification and documentary checks are required for import of agri-foods (for live animals and animal by-products; re-notification is through IPAFFS.
  5. GVMS goes live for EU to GB imports when passing through GB ports that are not inventory linked (this includes Dover, Eurotunnel, and Holyhead).

From 1st July 2022

The final implementation of the UK’s phased Border Operating Model takes place. This means:

  • Safety and security declarations are now required for imports into GB from the EU.
  • Export Health Certificates are required for agri-foods. This includes Health Certificates for all products of animal origin, live animals, germinal products and composite products. Check GOV.UK for information on getting an export health certificate.
  • Import pre-notification and phytosanitary certificates are required for plant, plant products and timber-based products.
  • SPS (Sanitary and Phytosanitary) checks on animal and animal products, plant and plant products will take place at Border Control Posts.
  • Further information about moving food or drink into GB from July 2022 can be found on GOV.UK

Our ChamberCustoms service ensures your goods will be cleared for onward transportation smoothly, without incurring excess costs.

Contact our international team to get set-up and ready for Custom Declarations

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From 1st January 2021, there will be standard rules for bringing goods into the UK from EU and non-EU countries.

In addition to acquiring an EORI number (see below), businesses will need to declare imports to customs and pay VAT and duty as appropriate.  An import license or other form of authorisation may be required for goods such as medicines and animal products. Check this Government guidance for more details.

Businesses that import goods regularly may benefit from a duty deferment account. This allows for a single monthly payment to be made through Direct Debit, instead of paying for individual consignments. To find out how more about importing rules and regulations, check this GOV.UK advice page.

ScotEnt: Importing from EU
International Trade

International Trade

As of 1st January 2021, Scottish businesses must now comply with new regulation and procedures when trading with European partners, including new paperwork, costs and formalities.

It's vital that you understand and follow these rules when trading with the EU.